A Journey Back In Time At Museum of Folklore in Hoi An

Museum of Folklore in Hoi An is one of the unique thematic museums in Hoi An ancient town. With a system of documents and rare artifacts through various forms of display, the Museum has shown the value of intangible culture, introduced the rich cultural heritage, creative process, and merits of the museum. contributions of generations of Hoi An people in building and developing this land. Located in the heart of Hoi An ancient town, Museum of Folklore in Hoi An is a must-see destination for those who love Vietnamese culture and history and Hoi An history. This museum not only preserves precious artifacts but also organizes many diverse activities, giving visitors a comprehensive view of Vietnamese folk culture in general and local folk culture in the Hoi An ancient town in particular.

Introduction to Museum of Folklore in Hoi An

Museum of Folklore in Hoi An officially opened on March 24, 2005, which is a 150-year-old ancient house, bearing the typical architecture of Hoi An Ancient Town. Entering the museum, visitors seem to be taken back in time, immersed in the old space with two floors of rustic wooden stilt houses, connecting two sides of Nguyen Thai Hoc and Bach Dang streets.

Some information about the museum:

  • The location of the museum is on both sides of the street:
  • Opening hours: 7:00 – 21:30 (all days of the week)
  • Telephone: +84 2353910948
  • Ticket:
    • Ticket price for Vietnamese guests: 80,000 VND/person
    • Ticket price for international guests: 120,000 VND/person
  • Additional information: On the 20th of every month, the Museum will be closed periodically for professional inspection.

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-1

Figure 1. Museum of Folklore in Hoi An

Explore ‘Themes’ at Museum of Folklore in Hoi An

Overall, the Museum is built in traditional Vietnamese architectural style, with red tile roofs, yellow walls and unique decorative patterns. The interior space is divided into many different display areas, each with a separate theme. According to the information we collected, this is a typical ancient house in the Ancient Town, 57m long, 09m wide, with two floors, wooden floors, with an area of ​​369 square meters, 483 museum exhibits. Artifacts with all 4 main themes include:

Folk visual arts

When it comes to folk visual arts, talented artisans with rudimentary tools such as wood carving chisels, carving knives, gouges, etc. have created impressive carvings and sculptures, some The masterpiece demonstrates the creativity and talented hands of the people here. Currently, at the Hoi An Folk Culture Museum, there are still many carved works on wood or sculptures such as decorative statues, worship statues, reliefs made of porcelain, bronze, composite, terracotta, etc. wood… and various types of ink paintings, horizontal paintings… show the high artistry and aesthetics of generations of talented local artisans.

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-2

Figure 2. Some impressive sculptures

Performing arts

First we need to understand clearly, what is “Performing arts”?

“Performance arts is the sum of all artistic methods, expressing the unity between singing and human action in an aesthetic sense. Performance is different from performance in that it only occurs in people’s activities.” time appropriate to conditions, circumstances, working environment, and living environment.”

There are many different types of pleasure performances that are clearly and realistically recreated in the museum:

  • Bai Choi: A folk game widely circulated in the Central region in general and Hoi An in particular. The game attracts many people due to its attractive, unique, and unique features in the way of playing: Including 2 types of large cards (given to players) and small cards (for the signaler to draw and sing) with cards labeled Unique lyrics, methodical and fun performance. Currently, Bai Choi is regularly held on old town nights.

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-3

Figure 3. Tourists participate in playing card game with Hoi An artisans

  • Singing Ba Trao (also known as Cheo Ba Trao, Cheo Dua Linh, Ho Dua Linh, Ho Hau Linh) is a type of folk performance art with strong ritual characteristics of residents of the Central Coast region, including Hoi An. The content and meaning of Ba Trao’s chant is to pray for peace and prosperity for the country, good weather, calm sea, fishermen to have a good harvest, expressing the unique cultural identity of the coastal region and unity of mind. The mutual love of fishermen in the coastal region shows the typical dialects and dialects of the region. Besides, it shows the respect and gratitude of the coastal fishing community for the annual “Ngoc Lan Nam Hai” fish with extremely old age and is often used in fishing ceremonies. The singing style of holding an oar, describing the movements of rowing a boat or boat, is a highlight of this type of singing, with a lineup of up to 10 – 16 people depending on the size of the rowing team, including consisting of 3 or 4 generals.

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-4

Figure 4. Illustration of Hat Ba Trao at Hoi An Folk Culture Museum

  • Thien Cau Dance: Thien Cau Dance is a quite special type of animist dance, passed down in Hoi An (Quang Nam) for a long time, leaving a deep impression in the hearts of many people in Hoi An. Through the process of development, Tengu dance gradually became a typical folk dance in Hoi An, with its own method and technique, associated with the meaning of exorcism, blessing, praying for a bright moon for a good harvest, prosperity and prosperity. The Tengu Dance is a unique cultural feature that makes up the soul of the Mid-Autumn Festival in Hoi An.

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-5

Figure 5 . Illustration of Thien Cau Dance at Hoi An Folk Culture Museum

Traditional craft villages

Hoi An traditional craft villages have formed, existed and developed closely connected over the years with the land and people of Hoi An.

  • With the estuary-coastal geography, river fishing in Hoi An is formed on a small but very diverse piece of natural ecological environment, especially river ecosystems, along with it is a type of fish – seafood. In Hoi An, there is a structure of residential communities with the majority of Vietnamese people from the Northern Delta and North Central region settling in with the indigenous Champa people. In addition, the bustling Hoi An “Faifo” commercial port has led to the integration of Chinese and Japanese residents, and interactions with residents of many countries in Southeast Asia, therefore, the profession Traditional river fishing in Hoi An has a long history, formed and developed from the experiences of many different resident groups. The above characteristics have determined the diverse, rich, unique and attractive appearance of river industries and river fishing tools in Hoi An that we can see here. Vivid images of groups of fishing tools in ponds, lakes, ditches, and freshwater fields; groups in swamps, swamps, and brackish rivers and canals; group in coastal areas and saltwater islands.

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-6

Figure 6. Tools serving fishing residents

  • Agriculture: Hoi An has a narrow land area, so the area for cultivation and livestock raising is not much, but agriculture in Hoi An on this land still bears the identity and basic characteristics of traditional Vietnamese agriculture. in many aspects. Popular with wet rice cultivation, the alluvial fields of An My, Son Pho, Cua Suoi, Dong Na,… Still diligent with the riverside corn fields of Xuyen Trung, Chau Trung, Kim Bong, Nam Ngan, … Herds of pigs, chickens, ducks, geese, etc. are carefully cared for in simple bamboo thatched barns… Tools are crafted creatively and in accordance with the production method of the village. me. However, with the harsh weather of the Central region, Hoi An farmers always face natural dangers such as storms from the East Sea, floods from upstream Vu Gia, Thu Bon,… Therefore, The connection, reliance, and mutual protection to protect livestock, crops, houses, lives… has further fostered the village love and good customs of village life. throughout history and maintained until today.
  • Traditional medicine profession: The ancient town of Hoi An, from the 16th and 17th centuries, used to be the center of Oriental medicine in Dang Trong. Imported and exported goods here include many types of precious medicinal herbs, often called by the common name Chinese medicine if imported from China, or Southern medicine if domestically produced. During the development period, along Tran Phu, Nguyen Thai Hoc, Hoang Van Thu, and Le Loi streets today there are many traditional Chinese and Vietnamese medicine stores and many good doctors. The treatment experiences of doctors in Hoi An have contributed significantly to the development of traditional medicine in the locality as well as in Quang Nam. Treatment activities here include continuous stages from taking pulses, prescribing, dispensing medicine, preparing or growing and picking medicinal leaves… By the 20th century, when Western medicine was not yet popular, people everywhere Many people flocked to Hoi An city to pick up medicine and treat illnesses. Through many changes of time, and changes in human habits, today the traditional Oriental medicine industry in Hoi An is still respected, maintained, increasingly developing and has a great reputation not only for local people but also for many tourists who have taken medicine here.
  • Trading profession in Hoi An: Stemming from many favorable factors, trading profession as well as commercial activities in Hoi An were soon formed and played a very important role for this place to become an international commercial port city. Vietnam’s famous economy throughout the Middle and Modern periods in Southeast Asia and the world. It is the trading profession and commercial – foreign trade activities that have brought Hoi An commercial port to the stature of an international sailing port, worthy of representing a typical example of Dang Trong – Vietnam, a place that receives many ships. Foreign merchants stop by and trade heavily and the goods exchanged here are rich and abundant.
  • Kim Bong carpentry: From Hoi An Ancient Town, looking southwest across the Hoai River is Kim Bong carpentry village (formerly called Kim Bong Chau), now mostly in Cam Kim commune, Hoi An City. Along with the prosperous development of Hoi An Urban – Commercial Port, Kim Bong carpentry village was formed around the 16th and 17th centuries and continued to expand continuously in the following centuries. The ancestors of Kim Bong carpentry originated from many rural areas in the Northern Delta and North Central region to settle in Hoi An and start a business. Here, they have the opportunity to absorb and apply experiences and carpentry – masonry techniques from many different origins including Cham, Chinese, Japanese, Western… to form a unique carpentry – masonry style. of Kim Bong carpentry, Hoi An, Quang Nam. Kim Bong carpenters are the main authors of the architectural complex of Hoi An Ancient Town as well as many beautiful architectural works in Quang Nam and Hue Imperial City. They are also the authors of the famous Quang Nam gourd boats and many sophisticated wooden handicraft products that are currently preserved locally as well as in many places at home and abroad.

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-7

Figure 7. Carpentry and some works in the museum

  • Tailoring is a traditional profession that was formed in Hoi An quite early. Initially, it was hand-sewn to create mandarin uniforms, ceremonial uniforms, and plain clothes, serving the very diverse garment needs of many Cham, Vietnamese, Chinese, Japanese, and Western residents.. . once settled and traded in the urban and commercial port of Hoi An. By the end of the 19th century – the beginning of the 20th century, the tailoring industry in Hoi An continued to develop with classic sewing machines and many famous tailor shops specializing in sewing national and European suits. Recently, in the trend of opening up and Integration, the tailoring industry in Hoi An flourished again, developing bustlingly with ready-made and quick sewing services favored by domestic and foreign customers.

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-8

Figure 8. Tailoring profession

  • Nam Dieu – Thanh Ha pottery craft: craftsmen from Thanh Hoa, Nghe – Tinh came to Thanh Ha to establish a village and build a pottery craft that has been passed down to this day. Nam Dieu and Thanh Ha ceramic products mainly have no glaze, smooth ceramic bones, balanced shape, and softness. Some household appliances are also dotted with embossed border patterns around the shoulders or have monochrome glazes in dark brown, dark yellow… Nam Dieu and Thanh Ha ceramic products are not only consumed strongly in Hoi An port, Central coastal provinces – Vietnam, which at one stage was also an exported product abroad. Thanh Ha ceramic products were listed in the book Dai Nam Nhat Thong Chi of the National History Institute of the Nguyen Dynasty in the land products section of Quang Nam province. In recent years, Nam Dieu and Thanh Ha pottery has gradually been restored, contributing to providing household products and handicrafts, serving the daily lives of local residents and the enjoyment needs of tourists. tourist visitors.

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-9

Figure 9. Pottery craft

Traditional folk activities

  • Wedding customs in Hoi An: wedding customs and rituals in Hoi An have both common elements of the nation and unique, local characteristics. A full wedding here includes the following ceremonies: Announcement, home visit, name inquiry, engagement (questioning ceremony), invitation ceremony, family ceremony (family group, bride procession, dodder ceremony, ancestral ceremony, and room engagement). , face again. However, in Hoi An, depending on each family’s circumstances, these ceremonies do not have to be complete, but some can be reduced, only keeping the main ceremonies. Some customs related to Vietnamese weddings are still maintained, such as staying at home, staying away, checking age, checking dates, etc. The Chinese-Vietnamese community here also maintains some unique customs regarding weddings. asked about how to organize a large-scale and methodical wedding ceremony, contributing to enriching wedding forms as well as traditional weddings in Hoi An.

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-10

Figure 10. Photos of old weddings in Hoi An

  • Traditional costumes: Expressing the culture and traditions through the eating, living and clothing of a diverse community with many origins like in Hoi An.

In addition to the Hoi An Folk Culture Museum, in Hoi An there are many other museums for you to visit such as the Museum of Traditional Medicine – A place that preserves the quintessence of traditional medicine, the Sa Huynh Cultural Museum Hoi An – A place to preserve unique cultural heritage,…With a diverse museum system, visitors can explore many different aspects of Hoi An. To continue recharging for a fun day exploring the museums in Hoi An Ancient Town, enjoy some typical dishes of the Central region and Hoi An specialties at Anabas Restaurant. With a convenient location, only 250m from Hoi An Folk Culture Museum, Anabas Restaurant is one of the famous specialty restaurants in Hoi An, an ideal destination to experience the culinary quintessence of the old town. With the mission of highlighting fresh, rich ingredients with the identity of the Central region, the restaurant’s “signature” is grilled fish dishes that are prepared diversely and delicately to retain the delicious flavor of each type. fish. Don’t miss the opportunity to enjoy specialties and flavors of the Central region at Anabas restaurant. We look forward to welcoming and serving you!

bao-tang-van-hoa-dan-gian-hoi-an-11

Figure 11. Some Hoi An specialties and Central region grilled dishes

Some Notes When Visiting Museum of Folklore in Hoi An

  • There are tickets to visit
  • Dress politely when visiting the museum
  • Do not touch objects
  • Any damage to property or artifacts must be compensated
  • Maintain order and general hygiene
  • Follow instructions from museum staff
  • For any requests or suggestions, please contact the management staff or write in the comment book
  • Keep your distance and don’t jostle

*In the article to bring the highest authenticity and most accurate information, we have used and referenced a number of documents and materials from the Museum Department – HOI AN CULTURAL HERITAGE CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT CENTER*

5/5 - (5 votes)

Được đăng lúc: 07/06/2024 08:47

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *