Hoi An Museum of Cultural History: A Place to Preserve the Soul of the Ancient Town

Hoi An Cultural History Museum is one of the destinations not to be missed when coming to Hoi An ancient town. This place not only preserves valuable artifacts from many different historical periods but is also a place to recreate the life and culture of Hoi An people through the ages. Hoi An Museum of Cultural History is a place to display more than 350 original artifacts and valuable documents made of ceramic, porcelain, bronze, iron, paper, wood… reflecting the stages of urban – commercial development. Hoi An port. Visiting Hoi An Cultural History Museum, visitors will get an overview of the historical process as well as the cultural richness of the ancient town of Hoi An.

Introduction to Hoi An Museum of Cultural History

Hoi An Cultural History Museum was established in 1989, with the main goal of preserving and promoting the cultural and historical values ​​of Hoi An city. Through many years of development, the museum has continuously expanded its scale and improved the quality of its displays, attracting thousands of visitors each year. Previously, Hoi An Museum of History and Culture was located at 7 Nguyen Hue. After many relocations and name changes, the museum was officially located at 10B Tran Hung Dao, Minh An Ward, Hoi An, Quang Nam in 2008.

bảo tàng Văn hóa Lịch Sử Hội An

Figure 1. Hoi An Museum of Cultural History

Located right in the heart of the old town, the museum’s architecture has bold traditional features with red tile roofs, white lime walls and exquisite carved details. The museum is not only a place to store artifacts but also a beautiful architectural work, in harmony with the surrounding landscape.

Topics on display at Hoi An Museum of History Culture

One of the most notable collections at the museum are artifacts from the prehistoric and ancient periods. These artifacts include ceramics, stone and bronze working tools, along with precious pieces from the Sa Huynh cultural period… Currently the museum displays 335 artifacts, images, and documents related to the Sa Huynh culture. related to the development periods of Hoi An ancient town from pre-historic times to the present: Pre-historic (2nd century AD and before), Champa (2nd century to 15th century ), Dai Viet (15th century – 19th century) – Dai Nam – Vietnam.

Artifacts of the Sa Huynh culture period

In this theme, the museum displays 102 original artifacts and images of excavation pits including tools for daily life, production labor, combat, jewelry… made of materials: ceramic, bronze, iron, stone, glass. Chinese coins: Ngu Thu, Vuong Mang, along with agate and glass jewelry originating from South India or the Middle East, partly prove that about 2000 years ago, the owners of the land These people make a living by farming wet rice, exploiting and processing live and marine products, and doing handicrafts: blacksmithing, weaving, carpentry, jewelry making… At the same time, it also clearly demonstrates the relationship between , cultural exchanges in the country used to have trading activities.
In particular, a typical type of artifact of this period is the ceramic jar (jar tomb) discovered in the Protestant cemetery, Hau Xa site, Cam Ha in 1990. According to researchers, this is a The coffin of Sa Huynh residents more than 2,000 years ago and buried with the dead, partly shows the custom of reburying the dead of this resident. Although this is only the initial scientific information, it partly suggests to us the understanding of the process and the historical and cultural appearance of the ancient inhabitants of Hoi An in the Pre-Historic period.

Hiện vật thời kỳ văn hóa Sa Huỳnh

Figure 2. Artifacts of the Sa Huynh culture period

Artifacts of the Champa period

This period highlights the sites of Champa Bat Lao (Cu Lao Cham), Dai Chiem Hai Khau (Cua Dai) along with stone statues, brick wells and traces of tower foundations, especially in archaeological sites with modern Champa, Islamic, Chinese ceramics… glass (jewelry, utensils) originating from the Middle East, South India… and ancient Chinese, Arabic, Indian, Persian bibliographic sources … identified the ancient Cua Dai area as the main port of Champa country. During this period, the museum displays 18 ceramic artifacts including ceramic fragments, Cham tiles, ceramic patterns and 9 images illustrating this period. Prominent are the statue of the dancer Grandhara and the statue of the god of fortune Kuberra. The two statues are carved exquisitely and delicately, imbuing the mysterious Champa culture. Partly represents a prosperous period of the ancient capital of Champa

Những hiện vật tái hiện thương cảng Hội An xầm uất

Figure 3. Champa period artifacts

Artifacts of the Dai Viet period – Artifacts that recreate the bustling commercial port of Hoi An

In this theme, the museum displays a large number of original artifacts and rich documentary images found in Hoi An through each period, especially with a clear comparison between Vietnamese ceramics and ceramics of a certain period. Several countries had trade relations with Hoi An at that time such as Japan and China. Besides, the museum also displays some written documents about Hoi An and some ancient maps of Hoi An with different names such as Faifo, Haiso, Faisfo… Some tools used in trade such as scales, weights, etc. Help visitors somewhat visualize a bustling and prosperous commercial port city of the 16th – 18th centuries.

Hiện vật thời kỳ Đại Việt

Hình 4. Những hiện vật tái hiện thương cảng Hội An xầm uất

Other typical artifacts at the museum

In addition to the display themes mentioned above, the Hoi An Museum of History and Culture is also a place to preserve typical artifacts of the resistance period for independence of the Vietnamese people. Artifacts from the resistance war against the French and the Americans are also displayed at the museum. These artifacts include weapons, costumes and daily life items of soldiers, providing a realistic view of a heroic historical period of the nation.

Revolutionary Tradition Gallery

Hoi An is a pioneer in the revolution. Therefore, here are kept many documents and images related to this important event.

The Revolutionary Tradition Room is often designed solemnly and politely with a scientific and reasonable display space. Artifacts, images, and documents are arranged chronologically or by topic, helping visitors easily grasp the display content. The content displayed in the Revolutionary Traditions Room often focuses on important historical periods, typical events, shining examples of fighting, sacrifice and achievements in the cause of construction and development. protect the country. The Department of Revolutionary Traditions also contributes to preserving and promoting national cultural identity, strengthening people’s trust in the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Phòng trưng bày truyền thống cách mạng

Phòng trưng bày truyền thống cách mạng

Figure 5. Revolutionary tradition gallery

Painting gallery

Located on the last floor of the Hoi An Cultural History Museum, this is a gallery of works about Hoi An with a variety of materials from oil paint, tempera paint, gouache,… to graphite, liquid medicine. . Each work is a different aspect of Hoi An shown by the talented and talented hands of the artists and artisans here.

Một số hiện vật tranh, ảnh, nhà cổ

Figure 6. Some ancient house artifacts and paintings displayed in the gallery

Activities at Hoi An Museum of History Culture

Educational programs for students

Hoi An Cultural History Museum organizes many useful educational programs for pupils and students. These programs help students better understand local history and culture, thereby arousing pride and awareness of preserving cultural heritage.

In addition to educational programs, the museum also hosts many exciting community activities and cultural events. These activities not only help connect the community but also create opportunities for residents and tourists to understand more about Hoi An culture.

Guide to visiting the museum

Detailed tour guide: The museum provides detailed tour guide programs, helping visitors have a deeper and more comprehensive view of the artifacts and historical stories here. Professional and knowledgeable guides will take visitors through each display area, explaining each artifact in detail.

Outstanding display areas: Hoi An Museum of Cultural History has many outstanding display areas, each with unique themes and artifacts. Visitors will admire artifacts from the prehistoric period, the Champa period, Hoi An trading port and the resistance period. Each artifact at the museum carries a special story. From ancient pottery shards to artifacts from the resistance period, each artifact tells an interesting and memorable part of Hoi An’s history. The museum also displays many artifacts related to famous historical figures of Hoi An. The stories about their lives and careers are not only interesting but also bring many valuable lessons to visitors.

The importance of museums in preserving culture

Hoi An Museum of Cultural History plays an important role in preserving and promoting the city’s cultural heritage. By preserving and displaying artifacts, museums help preserve precious cultural values, avoiding loss over time.

The museum is not only a place to preserve the past but also a bridge between the past and the present. Through the artifacts and stories on display, the museum helps viewers better understand the history and culture of Hoi An, thereby gaining a deeper and more comprehensive view of this city.

The museum also conducts many research and conservation activities. Researchers at the museum constantly explore, discover and protect cultural heritage, making an important contribution to preserving and developing Hoi An culture.

When visiting Hoi An ancient town, in addition to admiring the ancient beauty of the old town and learning about history at the Hoi An Cultural History Museum, there are many other museums worth visiting such as the Hoi An Trade Ceramics Museum, Sa Huynh Cultural Museum Hoi An, Museum of Folklore in Hoi An, Hoi An Gem Art Museum, Hoi An Traditional Medicine Museum…or Hoi An Silk Village.

To make your trip more complete and memorable, don’t miss the opportunity to discover famous local specialties such as Cao Lau, Quang noodles, wontons, stir-fried mussel dumplings or fish dishes. grilled meat, spring rolls,… And there’s no better place to do that than Anabas Restaurant – one of the famous specialty restaurants in Hoi An ancient town. We are proud to bring you dishes rich in Hoi An flavors, made from the freshest ingredients, combined with traditional cooking secrets and creativity from local chefs. Come to Anabas restaurant to enjoy not only the wonderful flavors of Hoi An but also memorable moments with your loved ones. Anabas Restaurant looks forward to welcoming you soon!

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Được đăng lúc: 16/06/2024 13:18